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One of the original Thirteen Colonies, Maryland is considered to be the birthplace of religious freedom in America, when it was formed by George Calvert in the early 17th century as an intended refuge for persecuted Catholics from England. George Calvert was the first Lord of Baltimore and the first English proprietor of the then-Maryland colonial grant. Maryland was the seventh state to ratify the United States Constitution, and played a pivotal role in the founding of Washington, D.C., which was established on land donated by the state.
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Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east. The state’s largest city is Baltimore, and its capital is Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State. The state is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria of France.
Maryland is one of the smallest U.S. states in terms of area, as well as one of the most densely populated, with around six million residents. As of 2009, Maryland had the highest median household income of any state, owing in large part to its close proximity to the nation’s capital and a highly diversified economy spanning manufacturing, services, and biotechnology.
Maryland has an area of 12,406.68 square miles (32,133.2 km2) and is comparable in overall area with Belgium (11,787 square miles (30,530 km2)). It is the 42nd largest and 9th smallest state and is closest in size to the state of Hawaii (10,930.98 square miles (28,311.1 km2)), the next smallest state. The next largest state, its neighbor West Virginia, is almost twice the size of Maryland (24,229.76 square miles (62,754.8 km2)).
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Maryland is home to 16 interstate highways, six primary and ten auxiliary. The longest highway is Interstate 95 at 110.01 miles. I-95 is one of the most heavily used Interstate Highways in Marlyand and runs northeast to southwest from the Delaware border to the Woodrow Wilson Bridge in Prince George’s County. The other five primary highways include: I-70 (Hancock, PA to I-695 in Baltimore), I-81 (Williamsport, WV to Pennsylvania state line near Maugansville), I-83 (Baltimore, MD to Harrisburg, PA), and I-97 (Parole near Annapolis to Brooklyn Park near Baltimore). The longest of the ten auxiliary highways are: I-270 (between I-495 north of Bethesda and I-70 in Frederick), I-495 (also knows as the Capital Beltway as it surrounds Washington, D.C.), and I-695 (beltway surrounding Baltimore). The Baltimore-Washington Parkway, commonly referred to as the B-W, is another important highway in Maryland, running from Baltimore to Washington, D.C. There are also 14 U.S. highways in the state, seven being primary and seven auxiliary. The longest state highway Maryland is Maryland Route 2 (MD 2) which runs from Solomons Island north before intersecting with U.S. Route 1 in Baltimore.