California's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east; and from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Though California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north, to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains.
New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.8 million residents in 2015, it is the fourth-most-populous state in the United States. To differentiate from its city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State.